The Sasakawa India Leprosy Foundation (SILF) New Delhi is an associate of the Nippon Foundation which worked with WHO and with national government in developing the cure (MDT medicine) of leprosy and ensuring free availability of drugs to the remote corners of the world. Livelihood enhancement project of The Sasakawa India Leprosy foundation is being implemented by CARD in Anandnagar and Khanpur leprosy colonies from April 2015. The main object of the project is to ensure sustainable livelihood for leprosy effected families. The baseline survey is completed and business plan approved for fishery and many other agriculture and allied activities for the benefit of the society. The target population has been organised into group’s ad their handholding trainings are also organized before actual start of the enterprise.

Dhar is located in the Malwa Region of Western Madhya Pradesh state in Central India. It is the administrative headquarter of Dhar District. The majority of the population in Dhar district belongs to schedule tribes. The main tribes in the district are Bhils and Bhilalas. The town of Dhar which is only 3 Km from the colony is a big market and easily approachable by road. Since there is no discrimination, the milk can be sold to sweet sellers, hotels and eve it can be supplied to persons residing in the vicinity. The government run shops where farmers can sell their crops is only four kilometers away from the colony, so the beneficiaries can go there and sell their product like soybean and wheat on the rates fixed by government, and f they don’s want to sell it to government they can also go to the market or mandi where they can sale their product at high rate to whole sellers and big shops. Since there is not stigma and people from outside come to colonies often to buy goat and hen so the marketing of the product won’t be much difficult. Items like fish and Milk are always in demand and their demand in market is very high as the people always want fresh fish and pure milk so the market of Dhar is good for both the product. From the above assessment it is evident that the proposed economic activity can be run smoothly by the beneficiaries based on their choice.

SWOT Analysis

Strength Opportunities
Agricultural land of 65 Beegha available with them No shortage of water
Shed well prepared for dairy No discrimination in market
Big pond available for fishery Committed youth and huge support by their parents
A strong and committed community to strive their survival rights Availability of vet doctor and agricultural specialist on phone and on right time
Registered society to avail the benefits and scheme offered by government Well experienced person in the colony of all the enterprises
Availability of water and two ponds in the community Enterprise training by KVK Dhar
Availability of market and transport facilities on rent  
Weakness Threats
No electricity in the colony Natural Calamities effect
Lack of education, technical knowledge and poor communication skills No boundaries to product the compound
Group dynamics and conflicts Legal dispute over land
Insufficient knowledge of Business  
Colony on the outskirts of town.

On the basis of detailed discussion held with colony residents and considering their strength, weakness, threats and opportunities the analysis are summarized here. The affected people do not have any specific expertise apart from farm based enterprise; they feel that they can run the dairy unit and fishery along with their agricultural practices. During discussion procurement of tractor, oxen and much other enterprise were suggested but they were rejected as they were not fitting in to funding criteria. They also raised their fear regarding the boundary or fencing of the field land since stray animals come at night to invade their farm. Since some of the families are engaged in cow and buffaloes rearing and also earn profit but the present production is consumed in the colony itself but the town of Dhar is a potential market for fish and milk supply. They buyer comes in the colony to buy goat, milk and fish etc. A dairy shed is available in the colony which can be utilized to start the enterprises. A big pond full with water is available in the colony which does not need any preparation.

Considering the overall scenario the following activities are suggested as feasible activity; Dairy, Fishery, Agriculture and Dairy. From the discussion with the female and male membersof the colony, it was clear that there is a large demand of milk in the town of Dhar. They will sell the milk in the local market as they have been already doing it on their individual level. Fish is one of the main items in the food menu of almost 60% Indians. The market demand is always high for Fish demand supply is less. The nearby market of Dhar is a potential market for selling fish. The colony already has a pond which is spread over 8 beegha. It was decided in the meeting that the colony member will do the fishery once in a year only and will do the fishery of Rohu and Qatla breed of fish. These breed of fishes are in high demand in the market. Initially they will start with 20000 seeds and it expected that half of them will convert in to 1Kg. of fish over a period of 8month. The total number of beneficiary in this proposed project is 10 person.